MARMARIS An Introduction
Physcos is the ancient name for Marmaris, which was on the important Anatolian-Rhodes-Egyptian trade route. Ionions had first settled in the Old Quarter in 3,400 BC and had given the name of “Physcos” to this spectacular place. Ionions were traders and the main reason why they had chosen this location was because of the naturally protected harbor setting. They built the castle overlooking the bay and settled there.
Physcos was ruled by Alexander the Great in the forth century BC, whom renovated the existing castle for his own needs.
In 1522, Suleyman the Magnificent had strengthened the castle after his capture in order to conquer the Island of Rhodes. After six months of battling with the English Crusaders he took over the Island and deported them to Malta. Suleyman the Magnificent was the person to change the name of Physcos to its name of today: Marmaris.
Marmaris is one of the most attractive natural harbors backed by the rugged pine-clad mountains, with an elegant palm lined promenade leading to a busy marina, splendid beaches and a crystal clear smooth sea which is ideal for water sports and sailing.
Marmaris is one of the most beautiful resorts of the Aegean region and leading yachting center of the East Mediterranean. Among Turks it is known as “Green Marmaris” because of its landscape that is covered with the rare pine forests.
The Bay of Marmaris is a very well protected natural port with a pier for ships and several marinas for hundreds of yachts from all over the world.
The town has many modern tourist facilities, unspoiled natural beauties and moreover the people of Marmaris always warmly welcomes, both the foreign and the local visitors.
After having dinner at a restaurant along the seafront or in and around the town, one can spend the rest of the night in one of the lively bars, discos and nightclubs, located mainly in the Bar Street or Uzun Yali district, till the early hours of the morning. There are about 2,500 bars, restaurants and discotheques in Marmaris and are all open during May through December. In the winter this number considerably decreases.
There are many different types of excursions, which completes the visit to Marmaris. These may be half or full day tours ranging from canoe trips, horseback rides, treks, yacht tours, exploring villages, visits to Ephesus, Pamukkale, Dalyan and Caunos.